Realising the current state of the oceans

All the research tends towards the same conclusion: the oceans are paying the price of human activity. Revealing data about the oceans’ and coastlines’ general health help us understand why we must act now.

The world’s fishing zones

70 %

Fishing

Over 70% of the world’s fishing zones are either fully exploited or depleted beyond any hope of recovery.

Source: United Nations Environmental Programme.

The Arctic surface during natural melting periods

3 to 4 million square km

Climate regulation

Between now and the second half of the century, the entire Arctic will be free of sea ice at least two months out of the year. Currently, during natural melting periods, there remain at least three to four million square kilometres – six to seven times the land surface of France.

Source: United Nations Environmental Programme.

Rise in sea levels

20 to 60 cm

Coastline

Sea levels are likely to rise 20 to 60cm between now and the end of the century – some predictions say as much as a metre. Any increase above 40cm would force 200 million people across the planet to move.

Source: Jean Jouzel, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace / Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ CE Saclay

Rubbish and the Mediterranean Sea

3 billion

Pollution

The ocean is sick from waste. It’s estimated that there are 50 million pieces of rubbish in the Gulf of Gascony, either floating on the surface or lying on the sea bed. In the Mediterranean, this figure rises to three billion! However, there has been a slight decrease since the second half of the 1990s.

Source: François Galgani, IFREMER.

Death of sea mammals due to plastic waste

100 000

Pollution

Every year, plastic waste – which accounts for 70% of rubbish in the seas – kills a million birds, 100,000 sea mammals and innumerable fish across the world.

Source: United Nations Environmental Programme.

Sea pollution coming from land

80 %

Pollution

80% of sea pollution comes from land, and mostly from consumers. One study of waste ingested by sea birds in the North Sea showed that only 10% of the rubbish accumulated in their stomachs came from industrial waste. The rest was down to our everyday consumption, which shows that we must all take action to save the oceans.

Source: François Galgani, IFREMER.